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20220159 Avacopan for ANCA-associated Vasculitis

Internal Medicine Immunology Autoimmune Adult Subjects

The primary objective of this study is to evaluate the long-term safety of avacopan in participants with antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis (AAV).

MPCT-021N, IMPT-514 for SLN and SLE

Internal Medicine Immunology Nephrology Autoimmune Kidney Disease Adult Subjects

This is a Phase 1/2, multi-center, open-label study evaluating the safety and efficacy of IMPT-514, a bispecific chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) targeting cluster of differentiation (CD)19 and CD20 in participants with active, refractory lupus nephritis and systemic lupus erythematosus. IMPT-514 treatment consists of a single infusion of CAR-transduced autologous T cells administered intravenously after a lymphodepleting therapy regimen consisting of fludarabine and cyclophosphamide. Individual participants will remain in the active post-treatment period for approximately 1 year. Participants will continue in long-term follow-up for 15 years from treatment.

AIS-D04, ALPN-303, Autoimmune Cytopenias

Internal Medicine Immunology Autoimmune Adult Subjects

The goal of this clinical study is to evaluate povetacicept in adults with autoimmune cytopenias of immune thrombocytopenia, autoimmune hemolytic anemia, and cold agglutinin disease to determine if povetacicept is safe and potentially beneficial in treating these diseases. During the study treatment period participants will receive povetacicept approximately every 4 weeks for 6 months, with the possibility of participating in a 6-month study treatment extension period.


Neurology Immunology Infectious Disease Autoimmune Viral Infectious Diseases Pediatric Subjects Adult Subjects

Determine the difference in the modified Rankin score at 16 weeks in participants with anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) encephalitis treated with "first-line" immunomodulatory therapies provided as standard-of-care, and either inebilizumab (investigational agent) or placebo.

Effects of Fish Oil ± Salsalate on the Omega-3 Index and the Circulating Lipidome of Omega-3 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acid Metabolites in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes and Diabetic Neuropathy

Internal Medicine Endocrinology Immunology Diabetes Autoimmune Adult Subjects Female Subjects Male Subjects

Diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) is the most common chronic complication of diabetes, affecting about 50% of patients with diabetes and leading to severe morbidity, poor quality of life, high mortality, and high health care costs. Due to the complex structure and anatomy of the peripheral nervous system, DPN presents with a very broad spectrum of clinical symptoms and deficits, including severe pain, sensory deficits, foot ulcers and amputations. Presently there is no treatment for DPN and even with good blood glucose control DPN develops especially in patients with type 2 diabetes. There is a need to identify effective interventions for DPN. Preclinical studies have provided evidence that the combination of fish oil and salsalate is an effective treatment of DPN. The human subject study to be performed will examine the effect of fish oil with and without salsalate on the blood lipid profile and circulating metabolites of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA). Fish oil is an excellent source for the nutrition dependent omega-3 PUFA, primarily eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA; 20:5) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA; 22:6). These fatty acids are the source of anti-inflammatory metabolites known as resolvin, neuroprotectin and maresin. Preclinical studies have also demonstrated that the metabolites of EPA and DHA are neuroprotective. Furthermore, when fish oil is combined with salsalate the production of these metabolites is increased in vivo. Thus, the investigators hypothesize that fish oil and salsalate will be an effective therapy of DPN. However, prior to doing a formal study of the effect of fish oil + salsalate on DPN there is a need to learn more about what concentration combination will provide the most efficacious effect on the omega-3 index (defined as the sum of EPA and DHA, as a percentage of total fatty acids in red blood cells) and that will safely increase the production of the anti-inflammatory metabolites. These studies will be performed at two sites the University of Iowa (Dr. Yorek) and University of Michigan (Dr. Pop-Busui) by treating human subjects with type 2 diabetes and DPN with either 2g or 4g of fish oil per day (capsules) for 4 months and then adding salsalate 1.5 g or 3g per day (tablets) to the fish oil treatments for an additional 2 months. At baseline and after treatment with fish oil alone and after treatment with the combination of fish oil and salsalate the omega-3 index and levels of circulating omega-3 PUFA metabolites will be determined as primary endpoints. Secondary endpoints will include determination of circulatory inflammatory markers and non-invasive measurements for DPN. The risks to subjects are minimal and are very reasonable in relation to the importance of the knowledge to be gained.


Internal Medicine Immunology Autoimmune Healthy Subjects Adult Subjects Female Subjects Male Subjects

The overarching goal of this project is to critically evaluate the efficacy of incorporating dietary guidance within multiple sclerosis (MS) care for improving long-term quality of life (QoL) compared to usual care. The primary objective of this study is to evaluate the effect of two dietary interventions (time restricted olive oil based (TROO) ketogenic and modified Paleolithic elimination) on MS QoL compared to usual care control (Dietary Guidelines for America), and the secondary objectives and the long-term effects on, motor function, low-contrast vision sensitivity, fatigue, mood, and disease activity assessed by brain imaging.


Dermatology Immunology Autoimmune Adult Subjects Female Subjects Male Subjects

A phase 1/2, open-label, safety and dosing study of autologous CART cells (desmoglein 3 chimeric autoantibody receptor T cells [DSG3-CAART] or CD19-specific Chimeric Antigen Receptor T cells [CABA-201]) in subjects with active, pemphigus vulgaris

VLCD efficacy in the treatment of NAFLD.

Internal Medicine Immunology Endocrinology Gastroenterology Infectious Disease Cancer Autoimmune Diabetes Liver Disease Digestive Disease Viral Infectious Diseases Liver Cancer Thyroid Disorders Adult Subjects Female Subjects Male Subjects

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a common complication of obesity which can progress to deadly complications like end-stage liver disease and hepatocellular carcinoma. In the wake of the obesity epidemic, NAFLD is becoming the main etiology of liver transplantation in the US. Currently, there are no FDA approved pharmacological treatments for NAFLD. Weight loss through lifestyle modifications, pharmacotherapy and bariatric surgery can be effective strategies for the management of NAFLD. Even though substantial weight loss and improvement in NAFLD can be achieved with bariatric surgery, only a small proportion of patients with obesity undergo surgery. Very-low calorie diets (VLCD) are replacement meals manufactured to substitute natural foods and limited total intake of 800-960 kcal in divided meals. Very low-calorie diets can produce substantial weight loss of 10% over 2 to 3 months. We hypothesize that VLCD reduce liver steatosis and, fibrosis measured non-invasively with transient elastography. Our main aim is #1 to assess the effect of VLCD on liver fatty infiltration and fibrosis. We also have three exploratory aims exploring novel pathogenic factors that mediate the improvement of NAFLD by VLCD: #2 assess the effect of VLCD on micro RNAs (miRs) associated with pathophysiology of NAFLD: #3 assess the effect of VLCD on changes of salivary and fecal microbiome in the setting of NAFLD: #4 to determine the effect of VLCD on platelet function. This pilot project will produce preliminary data for the development of a larger grant application to study the efficacy of VLCD in the management of NAFLD. Furthermore, it will potentially identify factors that mediate improvement of NAFLD after VLCD. We will treat 10 subjects with obesity and NAFLD for 8 weeks with VLCD or lower calorie diet (control group) and obtain transient elastography before and after the interventions along with other measurements of interest. Our project may have significant impact by establishing VLCD as a clinically effective option for the improvement of liver steatosis and fibrosis in patients with obesity and NAFLD ineligible or without access to bariatric surgery.

Regeneron BP

Dermatology Immunology Autoimmune Adult Subjects Female Subjects Male Subjects

The main purpose of this study is to investigate whether dupilumab is effective and safe for the treatment of bullous pemphigoid. Dupilumab is a type of drug called a "monoclonal antibody". An antibody is a special kind of protein that the immune (defense) system normally makes to fight bacteria and viruses. Bullous pemphigoid is an autoimmune subepidermal blistering disease, predominately affecting the elderly (typical onset after age 60). The study is looking at several other research questions, including: - Side effects that may be experienced by people taking dupilumab - How dupilumab works in the body and affects the body - How dupilumab affects quality of life - How much dupilumab is present in the blood - To see if dupilumab works to wean the patient off oral corticosteroids

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